Acid Reflux

Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001311/

Asthma

Asthma is a disorder that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, leading to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.  Asthma is caused by inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the muscles surrounding the airways become tight and the lining of the air passages swells. This reduces the amount of air that can pass by.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001196/ or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asthma

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is inflammation of the main air passages to the lungs. Bronchitis may be short-lived (acute) or chronic, meaning that it lasts a long time and often recurs.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002078/

Colon Cancer

Colon, or colorectal, cancer is cancer that starts in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the colon). Other types of cancer can affect the colon, such as lymphoma, carcinoid tumors, melanoma, and sarcomas. These are rare. In this article, use of the term “colon cancer” refers to colon carcinoma only.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001308/

Cough

A cough is a sudden and often repetitively occurring reflex which helps to clear the large breathing passages from secretions, irritants, foreign particles and microbes.

Cough

A cough is a sudden and often repetitively occurring reflex which helps to clear the large breathing passages from secretions, irritants, foreign particles and microbes.

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common lung diseases. It makes it difficult to breathe. There are two main forms of COPD:

  • Chronic bronchitis, which involves a long-term cough with mucus
  • Emphysema, which involves destruction of the lungs over time

Most people with COPD have a combination of both conditions.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001153/

Depression

Depression may be described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Most of us feel this way at one time or another for short periods. True clinical depression is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for weeks or longer. The exact cause of depression is not known. Many researchers believe it is caused by chemical changes in the brain. This may be due to a problem with your genes, or triggered by certain stressful events. More likely, it’s a combination of both. Some types of depression run in families. But depression can also occur if you have no family history of the illness. Anyone can develop depression, even kids.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001941/

Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), or simply, diabetes, is a group of diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels that result from defects in the body’s ability to produce and/or use insulin.

http://www.diabetes.org/

Dementia

Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001748/

Flu

The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent the flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.

http://www.cdc.gov/flu/keyfacts.htm

Fever

Fever is a common medical sign characterized by an elevation of temperature above the normal range of 36.5–37.5 °C (98–100 °F) due to an increase in the body temperature regulatory set-point This increase in set-point triggers increased muscle tone and shivering.

Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. CHD is also called coronary artery disease.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004449/

Hypertension

Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. Blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body. Blood pressure readings are usually given as two numbers — for example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001502/ or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyper_tension

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is cancer that starts in the lungs. The lungs are located in the chest. When you breathe, air goes through your nose, down your windpipe (trachea), and into the lungs, where it spreads through tubes called bronchi. Most lung cancer begins in the cells that line these tubes.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004529/

Obesity

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat. Both terms mean that a person’s weight is higher than what is thought to be healthy for his or her height.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004552/

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is the thinning of bone tissue and loss of bone density over time. Osteoporosis is the most common type of bone disease.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001400/

Sleep Apnea

People who have obstructive sleep apnea snore and regularly have phases of shallow breathing (hypopnea) and breathing pauses (apnea) that last longer than ten seconds while they are sleeping. Snoring itself is harmless; only when there are also breathing pauses is this described as sleep apnea.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0016269/

Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection that can happen anywhere along the urinary tract. Urinary tract infections have different names, depending on what part of the urinary tract is infected.

  • Bladder — an infection in the bladder is also called cystitis or a bladder infection
  • Kidneys — an infection of one or both kidneys is called pyelonephritis or a kidney infection
  • Ureters — the tubes that take urine from each kidney to the bladder are only rarely the site of infection
  • Urethra — an infection of the tube that empties urine from the bladder to the outside is called urethritis

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001549/

Wellness Exam/Physical

Physical examination or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a doctor investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.